Sustainable Urban Transport


Project Description

Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

Title: Integrated Sustainable Urban Transport Systems for Smart Cities (SMART-SUT)

Lead executing agency: Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA)

Lead executing agency: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Overall term: 2017 to 2022


Mobility flows have become key to the dynamics of the rapid urbanisation process of Indian cities. Despite the increasing levels of urban mobility, access to places, activities and services is becoming increasingly difficult in terms of convenience, cost and time. In fact, urban mobility is characterised by high levels of congestion, environmental pollution, traffic fatalities and inequity.

The high prices of private transport and the lack of public transit options forces lower income groups of the urban population to walk or cycle increasingly long distances, and, consequently, suffer severe air pollution. As Indian cities continue to sprawl outward, economically weaker groups are forced to move away from central areas, and are cut off from employment, recreational, educational, medical and other activity sites they would need to access.

Sustainable transport systems make a positive contribution to the environmental, social and economic sustainability of communities. People quickly take up the opportunities offered by increased mobility with poor households benefiting greatly from low carbon transport options. The advantages of increased mobility need to be weighed against the environmental, social and economic costs that transport systems pose.


Planning and implementation of a sustainable urban transport system is improved in selected Indian cities.


Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH and Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) are jointly implementing the “Integrated Sustainable Urban Transport Systems for Smart Cities (SMART-SUT)” project to improve the planning and implementation of sustainable urban transport in selected Indian cities. The project works with the three Smart Cities of Bhubaneshwar, Coimbatore, and Kochi and respective state governments of Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala to promote low carbon mobility planning, and to plan and implement sustainable urban transport projects.

The Project combines transport-oriented and methodological advisory services and training of the political partner and the implementing organisations (meso-level) with selected demonstration measures for sustainable urban transport at the micro level (multi-level and multi-actor approach). The project has four components namely: (i) planning and implementing sustainable urban transport projects; (ii) institutional performance and coordination; (iii) learning and exchange formats, (iv) state-level capacity building


All publications of this project can be accessed via the resources section on this website.