Sustainable Urban Transport


Project Description

Title: Promotion of Transformation to Sustainable and Climate-friendly E-Mobility (Electric Vehicles & Infrastructure) in India

Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

Lead executing agency: Ministry of Heavy Industries (MoHI), Department of Heavy Industry (DHI)

Overall term: 2021 – 2024


The Government of India seeks to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels and adopts several measures specifically addressing the transport sector, e.g. the promotion of hybrid and electric vehicles. The Indian NDC sets a cross-sectoral decarbonization target of 33-35% emission reduction by 2030.

Transforming urban mobility to accommodate for electric vehicles poses several challenges: Introducing electric buses requires city authorities to acquire necessary data for project preparation and mobilize sufficient resources to finance buses and associated infrastructure. Electricity grids need to be adjusted for an increasing demand from electric vehicles. To prevent an undermining of climate mitigation efforts, cities need to ensure that rising electricity demand is met with renewable energy. Coordinating such a complex stakeholder setting from transport and energy sectors stresses human and institutional capacities of local authorities further.


The transformation to sustainable and climate-friendly E-Mobility is promoted by coupling transport and energy sectors.


GIZ and Ministry of Heavy Industries (MoHI) are jointly implementing the E-Mobility project to strengthen capacities for the transition to climate-friendly electric mobility. Adopting a multi-level approach with national and local actors will promote horizontal and vertical cooperation processes, enhance implementing structures and bolster strategic skills. Specific activities include:

-             Creation of a conducive framework for transitioning to climate-friendly e-mobility

-             Systematic application of selected electric mobility concepts in partner cities

-             Strategies for supply of renewable energies to electric vehicles

-             Upscaling of pilot activities to other cities and knowledge dissemination within India through joint-learning formats